happens to be very difficult to say anything concrete about
the daily life of the first habitants of the islands, the Indians.
The Indians did not leave any sculptures, drawing, or any kind
of information behind. Most information has been collected from
Archeologist, and ethological comparison of cultural behavior
of similar tribes.
before Colombus discovered America, there were people already
living on the Caribbean islands. There are theories that states
that Arowake Indians migrated to Curaçao from South America
and later on by the Karibe Indians.
the left you can see the different locations where the different
indians originaly migrated from. Taken
from "E Indjan I E Katibu, Historia Di Korsou 3"
to theories, the route the tribes took coming from the jungles
where though Trinidad and Granada.
indians used the islands as stepping stones until they got all
the way to Cuba and some to Florida, while others took a North-West
directions where they migrated to Venezuela, Colombia, and other
islands on the coast of Venezuela. The Arowakes and the Karibe
learned to live with eachother and overtime established a very
peaceful style of living. They have mixed with eachother and
formed a nice community
until the spanish arrived.
1499, Alonso de Ojeda discovered Curaçao while exploring
the coast of Venezuela. The island became more popular because
of Amerigo Vespucci. He called the island "Isla De Los
Gigantes" (Island of the Giants). Vespucci was Ojeda travel
partner during this discovery. According to theories the habitants
of the islands where big in side. It is estimated that the population
was between 500 and 2000 habitant.
of the first thing that the spanish did to the indians was turning
them into slaves and sending them out to work in gold mines
outside the islands. After this, the indians became slaves that
has been sold and bought be the Spanish and Europeans over the
During the 17 and 18 th century Amsterdam
became very wealthy and important with the slaves business.
In Curacao, the masters were buying "Handicap" slaves
sinces they were cheaper. A slave can be considered "Handicap
even if they had a broken or missing teeth. The prices of an
adult slave varies a lot.
the slaves arrived in Curaçao, they were admitted into
two camps, the biggest one "Zuurzak" and the spare
one at Groot St. Joris. Here the slaves had to gain their strength
back after their long trip from Africa. The transportation of
the slaves was something very terrible. A lot of slaves comitted
suicide during the trip ora did not eat. They were all packed
into a small location and has to lay next to eachother in a
very small space during the whole trip. During the trip, a lot
of slaves died of other diseases that they caught during the
1660 and 1713, there was a lot of slaves business in Curacao.
Agents were buying between 1000 and 1500 slaves at the time
and also products imported to Curacao from the Netherlands.
Now and then, their were between 2000 and 4000 slaves in Curacao
temporary to be shipped to other neighbor islands. After 1730,
the slaves business took a big downfall. One of the main reason
for this was that in 1713, England got monopoly from the king
of Spain to sell slaves to the Spanish colonies. It was not
until 1863, that the slaves got their freedom in Curacao. The
slaves did not receive their freedom because of their human
rights, but because of the way the economy was going. A free
slaves was cheaper , and because of the economy, the masters
ended up giving all the slaves their freedom.
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